[gov3009-l] Applied Stats Tomorrow: Teppei Yamamoto

Wise, Tess wise at fas.harvard.edu
Tue Oct 22 16:48:36 EDT 2013

Dear All --

Our speaker tomorrow at Applied Stats<http://projects.iq.harvard.edu/applied_stats> will be Teppei Yamamoto from MIT PoliSci. Professor Yamamoto's talk is titled "Identification and Estimation of Causal Mediation Effects with Treatment Noncompliance."  As per usual, the talk will be held in CIGS K354<http://map.harvard.edu/?bld=04471&level=9> at 12 noon and lunch will be served. The abstract for Professor Yamamoto's talk can be found below and you can download the associated article from our website at: http://projects.iq.harvard.edu/applied_stats/event/teppei-yamamoto-mit.


Treatment noncompliance is a common problem in program evaluation. The problem is particularly severe when the analyst is interested in causal mediation effects. This is because, somewhat counterintuitively, the mediated portion of an intention-to-treat (ITT) effect cannot be nonparametrically identified even when treatment assignment is randomized and the ignorability of the observed mediator is assumed. This paper shows that, once the standard instrumental variables assumptions are made, the mediated ITT effects and the local average causal mediation effects (LACME) for compliers can in fact be identified under a local sequential ignorability assumption. The commonly-used naïve estimators for the mediated ITT effect and LACME are shown to be biased in unknown directions. The proposed estimators are illustrated via a simulation study and applied to data from a job training experiment. The proposed method, implemented in an open-source R package, enables researchers to investigate causal mechanisms by which the treatment affects the outcome of interest even when treatment noncompliance exists.


Tess Wise
PhD Candidate
Harvard Department of Government

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