[gov3009-l] Applied Statistics 2/15/17 - Dean Eckles

Ban, Pamela pban at fas.harvard.edu
Mon Feb 13 10:25:57 EST 2017

Hi all,

This week at the Applied Statistics workshop we will be welcoming Dean Eckles, an Assistant Professor of Marketing at the MIT Sloan School of Management.  He will be presenting work entitled "Estimating Peer Effects in Networks with Peer Encouragement Designs."  Please find the abstract below and on the website.  The paper can be found at: http://www.pnas.org/content/113/27/7316.abstract

We will meet in CGIS Knafel Room 354 at noon and lunch will be provided.


Title: Estimating Peer Effects in Networks with Peer Encouragement Designs
(Dean Eckles, René Kizilcec, Eytan Bakshy)

Abstract: Peer effects, in which the behavior of an individual is affected by the behavior of their peers, are central to social science. Because peer effects are often confounded with homophily and common external causes, recent work has used randomized experiments to estimate effects of specific peer behaviors. These experiments have often relied on the experimenter being able to randomly modulate mechanisms by which peer behavior is transmitted to a focal individual. We describe experimental designs that instead randomly assign individuals’ peers to encouragements to behaviors that directly affect those individuals. We illustrate this method with a large peer encouragement design on Facebook for estimating the effects of receiving feedback from peers on posts shared by focal individuals. We find evidence for substantial effects of receiving marginal feedback on multiple behaviors, including giving feedback to others and continued posting. These findings provide experimental evidence for the role of behaviors directed at specific individuals in the adoption and continued use of communication technologies. In comparison, observational estimates differ substantially, both underestimating and overestimating effects, suggesting that researchers and policy makers should be cautious in relying on them. This provides evidence about the role of directed behaviors in the adoption and continued use of broadcast functionality.
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